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Thursday, September 22, 2016

History Origins Android Operating System

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On this occasion I am going to review or discuss a little review of the history of the beginning android operating system on mobile devices (cell phones). As we know Android is an operating system mobile phones and tablet computer touch screen (touchscreen) is based on Linux.

But as the development of android turned into platforms so fast in the innovation.

This is not out of the main developers behind that of Google. Googlelah which acquired android, then make a platform. Android platform consists of an operating system based on Linux, a GUI (Graphics User Interface), a web browser, and application end users can download and also the developers can freely work and create the best applications and are open for use by a wide variety of devices, lenscrafters.

History of Android

At the beginning, Android Inc. is a small company engaged in software (software) which was established in October 2003 in Palo Alto, California, USA. Founded by several senior at several companies based IT and Communication including Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears and Chris White. According to Rubin, Android Inc. was founded to realize a mobile device is more sensitive to the location and owner preferences. In other words, Android Inc. wants to realize better understand mobile device owners.

The concept is owned android Inc. turned out to arouse the interest of Google to have it. In August 2005, finally Android Inc. was acquired by Google Inc, all the shares purchased by Google. Many of the estimated value or the purchase of the google android Inc. is USD 50m. At that time, many speculate that "this acquisition is the first step to do a google to enter the mobile phone market". Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears and Chris White remained in Android Inc. was purchased by Google, so that eventually they all become part of the giant Google in Android history. That's when they use the Linux platform to create operating system for mobile phones.

Currently there are two types of distributors operating system in the world.

The first is fully supported by Google or Google Mail Services (GMS), and the second is a really big distribution without direct support from Google, or better known as the Open Handset Distribution (OHD). This operating system opens the door for developers to develop software with the Android SDK (Software Development Kit), which provides tools and APIs necessary to begin developing applications on the Android platform using the Java programming.

This opens up an opportunity for open source programmers to go jump developing the Android operating system. Then start popping up various communities that build and share based firmware android system with a number of adjustments and additional features, such as FLAC lossless audio and the ability to store downloaded applications on the MicroSD card. They often update firmware packages and combine elements of android functionality that has not been officially launched in a firmware.

In September 2007, Google began filed a patent application mobile phones. Followed by the introduction of the first android mobile device in 2008, the HTC Dream, which uses the android version 1.0.

The presence of the HTC Dream has been encouraging companies to join the other hardware using the android operating system. Then in 2008, there are several companies that joined the android Arm Holdings, which is manufactured by Atheros Communications, Asustek Computer Inc, Garmin Ltd, Softbank, Sony Ericsson, Toshiba Corp. and Vodafone Group Plc.

Currently, the android operating system into a lucrative option for many smartphone vendor, because it has a license fee that is cheaper and its semi-open source. In addition, the android would also support the various services on google.

Samsung became the most successful vendor after introducing android Android handset named Samsung Galaxy. With support from various vendors today's smartphones, Android has managed to subvert Apple operating system as the most widely used. Android now control 59% of sales of smartphones and tablets in the world

1. The platform is a combination of a hardware architecture with a framework on software (software and applications). Where possible the combination of a software, specialized software applications can run. A common platform already includes architecture, operating systems, programming languages ​​and associated interface (runtime system libraries or graphical user interface) for the computer. Platform may be defined simply as a place to run the software.

2. Firmware is software that contains programs or data, which is stored in ROM (Read Only Memory) default device. Firmware is useful for basic functions and also other more functions. On mobile devices, generally Firmware useful for functions and basic operations, which if without Firmware mobile device will not function at all.

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